Ligaments of the shoulder

The anatomy structure of human shoulders is a complex scheme that involves numerous elements and zones that should be taken under consideration. Shoulder ligaments are those parts that are always under a risk of serious traumas and injuries. In addition to this, if a person has some bone or joint problems – including chronic conditions […]

Anatomy of the wrist

The wrist joint is the complex joint formed between the distal ends (furthest from the body) of the Radius and Ulna (two forearm bones) and the carpal bones. It connects the forearm to the hand and allows a good range of motion. Repetitive use does however frequently lead to injuries. To be more specific, the […]

Anatomy of the shoulder

The human shoulder is the most mobile joint in the body. This mobility provides the upper extremity with tremendous range of motion such as adduction, abduction, flexion, extension, internal rotation, external rotation, and 360° circumduction in the sagittal plane. Furthermore, the shoulder allows for scapular protraction, retraction, elevation, and depression. This wide range of motion […]

Anatomy of the knee

The knee is one of the largest and most complex joints in the body. The knee joins the thigh bone (femur) to the shin bone (tibia). The smaller bone that runs alongside the tibia (fibula) and the kneecap (patella) are the other bones that make the knee joint. Knee anatomy is about the structure of […]

Anatomy of the elbow

The elbow is the joint connecting the proper arm to the forearm. It is marked on the upper limb by the medial and lateral epicondyles, and the olecranon process. Structurally, the joint is classed as a synovial joint, and functionally as a hinge joint. In this article, we shall look at the anatomy of the […]

Anatomy of the ankle

The ankle joint consists of the upper bones, the Tibia and fibula and the Talus at the bottom. There are many ligaments supporting the joint, which are frequently injured. However, when the range of motion of the ankle and subtalar joints (talocalcaneal and talocalcaneonavicular) is taken together, the complex functions as a universal joint. The […]