Knee injuries vary depending on the stage they have been treated from, the treatment type, itself, the level of damage, the age of the patient, the previous health history he can show to the rehabilitation experts. In all cases, whether surgery was made due to a more serious knee trauma, or some ordinary physical treating therapy was prescribed, post rehabilitation is needed. Usually, experts call this after treatment process recovery process. Knee injury recovery can last for longer time, but at some point, it will no longer be accompanied by the ordinary discomforts, limits or unpleasant symptoms that are common for the treatment. Moreover, during knee injury recovery preventive measures for upcoming and new fractures, sprains, breakages or joint damages are also included.
It is certainly that knee injury recovery is a must. Patients with knee traumas should understand it as a last, final step from the overall treatment that was prescribed by the orthopaedic expert. By recovery different things can be taken under consideration – including limits till the final step of recovery and full retreat, special nutrition rules and even physical supporting measures.
Recovery from a knee injury depends upon the specific injury and can be measured in days to weeks for a sprain to many months to recover from anterior cruciate ligament repair surgery. The goal for treating knee injuries is to return the patient to their previous level of activity. The prognosis for an individual injury depends upon the type of injury, the underlying health of the patient, and their willingness to work with their care provider and therapist to maximize their outcome.
Preventive measures against new knee injuries are essential for the recovery. It is significant for the patient to understand that currently, his or her joints are very weak. The affected area – whether broken or only slightly damaged, is more fragile than ever. So taking the basic preventive measures against new injuries is a must. Accidents happen, and while many knee injuries occur during recreational activities or sports, more happen at work and at home. Strong muscles stabilize joints. With the knee, having strong and flexible quadriceps and hamstring muscles can prevent minor stresses to the knee from causing significant injury. Proper footwear can also minimize the risk for knee injury. Wearing shoes that are appropriate for the activity can lessen the risk of twisting and other forces that can stress the knee.
Exercises – top recovery approach for faster knee injury sign elimination after correct treatment
During physical therapy for rehabilitation of a knee injury, the patient will be given specific exercises by the physical therapist in order to strengthen and stabilize the knee joint. These exercises include strengthening the front of the thigh (quadriceps), back of the thigh (hamstrings), calf, and hip. Consult your doctor and your physical therapist before starting any exercise program. Your physical therapist should insure you perform the exercises properly before doing them on your own. If you have any pain or discomfort while doing prescribed exercises, see your doctor or physical therapist. Some exercises your physical therapist may recommend include the following:quad sets, leg raises, hamstring curls and etc.
Physiotherapy + rest = the best knee injury recovery
Resting is an art every patient with serious knee trauma should learn to practice. Alongside with it turning to a specialist in physiotherapy is a great alternative to reduce the time for recovery. If your injury is more severe or complex or persists for over six to eight weeks, your GP may refer you to a physiotherapist. This is a health professional who specialises in movement and mobility. You can also choose to see a physiotherapist privately. They will develop a programme of rehabilitation exercises to gradually strengthen your knee and restore its normal function. These exercises will vary depending on the type of injury you have and how severe it is. Some people have braces or strapping to support the knee during rehabilitation, usually when an injury has been severe. Long-term outcome studies have shown that almost all patients with grade 1 and 2 injuries have returned to full activities by 3 months. Isolated grade 3 injuries still allow excellent return to new levels by 6-9 months.
What to eat to reduce the knee injury recovery time?
Many specialists today claim that the right knee injury recovery diet will also help you to reduce the necessary time for rehabilitation and going back to your feet. So what to eat to reduce the knee injury recovery time? Here are some facts and suggestions to bear in mind when customizing your trauma recovery healthy nutrition:
- Omega-3 Fats
After the initial 1 – 4 day inflammation period, it may be good to emphasize omega-3 fat intake and eliminate or drastically reduce omega-6 fats. There is growing evidence that reducing omega-6 fats and including more omega-3 fats can be extremely beneficial in reducing inflammation and promoting wound healing2. Omitting vegetable fats that are rich in omega-6 fats, and increasing fish oil (or algae sources of omega-3 supplements) can dramatically help the healing process. A good goal early on in the inflammation process is to achieve a 3:1 to 1:1 ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 fats. Beyond the omega-6:omega-3 ratio, it has been shown that consuming monounsaturated fats (found in nuts, seeds, and olive oil) may also reduce inflammatory enzymes3.
Protein needs are also elevated during the proliferative phase and after to allow the body to start forming new tissue. The current clinical recommendation for injured athletes is to get in 1 gram of protein per pound of lean body weight. It may also be beneficial to include an amino acid supplement containing glutamine and arginine, as these have shown to speed up the healing process in the body4.
Glucose is needed for wound healing but is less critical than the above nutrients. Ideally, eating unprocessed carbohydrates to achieve micronutrient intake and keep blood sugars level is all that is required. All phases of recovery will benefit from Vitamin A, C, Copper, and Zinc and should be prioritized in food choices during periods of injury. beneficial to in inhibiting inflammatory enzymes as well, although you may require a supplement to reach effective dosing5. While all these recommendations are extra critical for injured athletes, they can also be extremely beneficial in avoiding injuries in the first place. Keep track of what you’re eating by keeping a food journal, and review it frequently to make sure that you are meeting your needs. If you’re proactive and include a few of these suggestions into your diet now, you may even be able to prevent that achy knee before it starts.
- Zinc and Copper
Zinc-containing foods may support ligament repair. This mineral prevents oxidative damage. Copper is a nutrient mineral that helps protect ligaments and also contributes to the oxygen-carrying molecules hemoglobin in the blood and myoglobin in the muscles. Food sources of zinc include beef, pork, lamb and dark parts of poultry. Zinc is also found in nuts, whole grains and legumes. Copper is found in shellfish, whole grains, beans, nuts, potatoes, and organ meats, dark leafy greens, dried fruits such as prunes, cocoa and black pepper.
Remember: an injury recovery does not mean a diet you know today – the one with limits to reduce your weight. Starvation is very bad for knee injury recovery.