Did you know that right after the bunion (valgus), which is a very common condition in women, who go too far and too often on high heels, the top of the big toe pain is the most frequent and universal one? Moreover – there are many reasons for this discomfort, because regardless the ache, it causes numerous limits like lack of possibility to walk for a long time or wear specific shores and etc. In all cases, most of the causes for the top of the big toe pain can be overcome. But the proper curing approach depends on the proper diagnose. It is a must for you to meet a medical specialist, who`s the only able person to tell you how to treat your condition. This means that the following material aims only to provide you information about the top common causes for the top of the big toe pain. Well, here they are…
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation of the joints. Autoimmune diseases are illnesses that occur when the body’s tissues are mistakenly attacked by their own immune system. The immune system contains a complex organization of cells and antibodies designed normally to “seek and destroy” invaders of the body, particularly infections. Patients with autoimmune diseases have antibodies and immune cells in their blood that target their own body tissues, where they can be associated with inflammation. While inflammation of the tissue around the joints and inflammatory arthritis are characteristic features of rheumatoid arthritis, the disease can also cause inflammation and injury in other organs in the body. Because it can affect multiple other organs of the body, rheumatoid arthritis is referred to as a systemic illness and is sometimes called rheumatoid disease. About 50% of the rheumatoid arthritis cases lead to the annoying pain of the top big toe area.
Well, this is a type of arthritis, too. Some medical experts call it gouty arthritis. And it is another reason for top of the big toe pain. It is a curious fact that the most reliable method to diagnose gout is to have fluid removed from the toe joint and examined under a microscope for uric acid crystals. Gout is caused by an elevated uric acid level in the bloodstream and accumulation of uric acid crystals in tissues of the body. Uric acid crystal deposits in the joint cause inflammation of the joint leading to pain, redness, heat, and swelling. Top of the big toe swelling is the first symptom of the gout that is usually predetermining the pain of this area.
Some of the cases are connected with this diagnose. The top of the big toe is due to irritation and inflammation of the tendons on the top of the foot. But what can actually cause this inflammation process to lead to the extensor tendonitis? Shoes that are too tight, calf tightness, spending long periods on your feet, altered foot biomechanics, walking/running on uneven surfaces or simply dropping a heavy object on your foot – these are all very common reasons to have the syndrome and eventually to acquire the top of the big toe pain.
This medical condition does not only cause pain, but also stiffness to the top of the big toe. Actually, this is another type of arthritis, also popular by the name of metatarsal arthritis. Hallux rigidus usually develops in adults between the ages of 30 and 60 years. No one knows why it appears in some people and not others. It may result from an injury to the toe that damages the articular cartilage or from differences in foot anatomy that increase stress on the joint. Arthroplasty is the main treatment type, because of the older age of the patients. Older patients who place few functional demands on the feet may be candidates for joint replacement surgery. The joint surfaces are removed and an artificial joint is implanted. This procedure may relieve pain and preserve joint motion. However, today`s innovations in medicine tend to minimize the application of surgical treatment types in case of Hallux Rigidus.