Ankle is one of those leg parts we hurt at most. It does not matter if you are a sportsman, you have daily workouts in the gym as an amateur, or you enjoy such often physical activity, ankle is always at risk, when running, walking and even making a single movement. Different ankle injuries cause different pain, but when it comes to ankle tendon pain, it can seriously prevent you not only from practising your sports activity or discipline, but also from moving from point A to point B. Of course the source and the reason for the pain will vary, which means that treatment methods and the continuation of the rehabilitation will be different, as well. But before considering the different or the three main reasons for ankle tendon pain, let`s say few words about the ankle delicacy and fragility in general. It is essential to understand that it is not the high level of sensitivity a human has to define the volume of the pain. It is the significant situation of the ankle, as well as its function, that makes us suffer so much when having pain. The ankle tendon is the element that, on the other side, gets the pressure, when stepping on an uneven surface, when hitting in a hard object and etc. Your ankle is among the joints most likely to experience an injury to a tendon, which connects muscle to bone. If you fall or often repeat the same movements during sports or daily activities, you may feel pain due to ankle tendon inflammation, or tendonitis. When you suspect an ankle tendon injury, get an informed diagnosis and comprehensive treatment options. But before that let`s see the tree main ankle tendon pain sources and explanations.
Achilles tendonitis – the top common reason for ankle tendon pain
Achilles tendonitis is a very painful condition that is accompanied by swelling, but mainly appears in a sportsman papers, especially during high-efficient training before an important game, qualification and etc. It is because the psychological pressure is quite big that time, which makes a professional racer or player to put too much pressure on his / her physical preparation, as well. But besides excessive exercises, ordinary or long-lasting walking can be a reason for Achilles tendonitis pain, too. The main pain zone, as a matter of fact, is not exactly in the ankle tendon, but on the back of the leg heel.
The Achilles tendon attaches any of the muscles on your calf right to your heel bone. This tendon is important for actions like jumping, walking, running, and standing on the balls of your feet, which is why it is in danger and at risk all the time. But when it comes to the Achilles tendonitis pain it takes a really hard or aggressive movement to cause it to yourself. Mainly, it does not matter whether the movement was sudden, or you hardly pressed on the ankle with continuous motions. It is not excluded to cure yourself, though, at home. Constant materials at hands and pain killers might help, but attention – if the swelling does not go away, it means you need more drastic medical measures. Speaking of swelling, it is the first sign of having this injury. However, unlike most ankle injuries that occur with swelling on the muscle zone, here, you will feel the pain and the swelling discomfort near and around the heel. As to the calf muscle, you will probably feel it too tight – especially when trying to overcome the limit of some movements you are no longer to perform properly. Last, but not least, too high temperature of the heel skin is a very common symptom of Achilles tendonitis, as well. The basic treatment methods – except for the pain killers and resting – are physiotherapy and wearing special shoes with an inner heel to leave the leg heel at rest.
Posterior tibial tendonitis – the pain that usually happens due to flat feet
This medical condition is very unpleasant, too, and it is characterized with ache on the inner side of the ankle, which is the zone under the protruding bone. In most cases we are talking about inflammation, which is felt as constant discomfort that eventually leads to permanent pain.
The posterior tibial tendon makes a link between the calf muscles and those bones that are palced on the inner foot zone. When having the posterior tibial tendonitis, the main explanation for the pain is that the tendon cannot support the arch of the foot. According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, flatfoot is the condition of having your arch of the foot fallen, which leads to the foot pointing outwards. But you need to make a difference between the birth defect of the flat foot and the acquired posterior tibial tendonitis as an adult. The second condition is usually treated by medical specialists and they have bigger chances to be reduced and overcome – or at least to make the pain go away. The most typical solution for this ankle tendon pain case is a surgery. There is, though, a small chance for the surgery to be avoided. The posterior tibial tendon can sustain injury as a result of impact, such as a fall or contact while playing sports. Overuse of the tendon over time can also cause injury. Common activities that cause an overuse injury include: cycling, climbing (especially stairs), running, highly dynamic sports and etc.
Peroneal tendonitis – the first stage before the ankle sprain
Peroneal tendonitis is one of those conditions that predate an unpleasant ankle condition, such as the ankle sprain. Peroneal tendonitis is actually ankle pain that is caused because of inflammation, too – just like most of the ankle injuries symptoms. You feel pain on the outer side of the heel.
Peroneal tendon problems can be observed once the tendons glide within the pulley behind the lateral malleolus. Such motions are very likely to lead do irritation of the lining of the tendons. The irritation can also occur after an ankle injury, such as a blow to the outside of the ankle or an ankle sprain. Repetitive ankle motions in sports, such as running and jumping, can lead to wear and tear on the tendons inside the groove. A high arch puts extra tension on the peroneal tendons within the groove and has also been found to cause peroneal tendon problems. Peroneal tendon problems commonly occur from an ankle sprain. During the typical inversion ankle sprain, the foot rolls in. This type of injury sprains or tears the ligaments that support the lateral part of the ankle. The forceful stretch on the peroneals when the foot rolls in can also cause a lengthwise tear in the peroneal tendons. Patients with peroneal tendon problems usually describe pain in the outer part of the ankle or just behind the lateral malleolus. This pain commonly worsens with activity and eases with rest. Patients may have swelling behind or under the lateral malleolus. They may notice more pain when pressure is applied along the tendons. You don`t have to worry if you have Peroneal tendon syndrome, because it can be treated with various and harmless medical methods, excluding surgery.
Ankle tendon pain whether causes by pe4roneal tendon conditions, posterior tibial tendonitis, Achilles tendonitis or something else are serious, but not so dangerous leg medical problems. You need to react as soon as possible on all the symptoms and if possible, better confirm your hesitations about a specific diagnose with a doctor`s opinion before starting a specific treatment. For those of you, who are scared of surgeries, in most cases they can be avoided. However, full recovery of these conditions takes time, so do not pressure yourself too hardly, even if you are a professional sports player.